Budapest Attractions – Buda

Budapest Attractions – Buda

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Castle Hill and the Old Town

Buda Castle Castle Hill is a 1,5km long hill, overlooking the Danube.The Old Town occupies the larger part of Castle Hill – it is also referred to as the Buda Castle; the Royal Palace occupies the southern portion. Old Town is Budapest’s primary tourist attraction. It has been on UNESCO’S World Heritage List since 1987. Castle Hill

The Fishermen’s Bastion

Fisherman bastion The Neo-Romanesque Fishermen’s Bastion, located behind the Mátyás Church, was erected between 1895 and 1902. During the Middle-Ages the fish-market was located next to the church, and the Fishermen’s Guild was responsible for defending the adjacent section of the fortification. Fishermen’s Bastion

Matthias Church

 Matthias Church The Matthias Church is one of Budapest’s, and Hungary’s, most important religious monuments. Numerous important historical events have taken place within its walls. Known officially as Buda Castle’s  Church of Our Lady Mary, or as Buda Castle’s Coronation Church  – it is commonly referred to as  the Mátyás church. Matthias Church

The Buda Royal Palace

Buda Castle Royal Palace The construction of an impressively large, Gothic style Royal Palace was completed in 1424. Currently the Palace houses the Hungarian National Gallery (Magyar Nemzeti Galéria), the Budapest History Museum (Budapesti Rörténeti Muzeum) and the Széchenyi National Library (Országos Széchenyi Könyvtár). Buda Royal Palace

The Budapest History Museum – Castle Museum

History Museum of Budapest The Budapest History Museum can be found in the former Royal Palace. The exhibits in the Museum range from the excavated and restored remnants of the medieval Royal Palace, to the sculptures from the Gothic period Palace, and to exhibits based on the city’s history. Budapest History Museum

The Tower of the Church of Mary Magdalene

Maria Magdalena church ruins The Church, dating from the middle of the 13th century, originally served as the parish church for the Hungarian citizens of the town (the Mátyás Church was for the use of the town’s German citizens). During the 14th and 15th centuries it was enlarged several times.  Church of Mary Magdalene

Gellért Hill

Gellert Hill and River Danube Gellért Hill is a very popular beauty spot, the top of which can be accessed via tourist tracks   from several sides. This dolomite hill, towering over the Danube between the Elizabeth (Erzsébet) and Liberty (Szabadság) Bridges, offers panoramic views of the Danube Valley and over Pest.  Gellért Hill

Citadel

 Citadell in Gellert Hill The 220m long, 45-60m wide Citadel was erected on the top of Gellért Hill by the Habsburg forces, following the suppression of the 1848-49 uprising. The Liberation Monument at the foot of the Citadel, the central figure of which is a woman holding a palm-leaf aloft, was erected in 1947 to commemorate the liberation of the capital by the Russian forces. Citadel

Gellért Baths

Gellert Baths The 13 mineral springs supplying the Gellért Baths with water at a temperature varying between 27°C and 48°C. Besides the medicinal baths, there are also effervescent bath – as well as an outdoor swimming pool featuring a wave machine which operates for 10 minutes every hour.  Gellért Baths

Gül Baba’s Tomb

Gul Baba Tomb Gül Baba was a dervish who died shortly after the fall of Buda to the Turks. His tomb, built between 1543 and 1548, is one of the capital’s most well-known historic monuments dating from the time of the Turkish occupation. It is, to this day, one of the important pilgrimage sites for Moslems. Gul Baba Tomb

Buda’s Old Town-Hall

Old Town Hall in Buda Castle This Baroque style building was erected sometime in the 18th century, using medieval remnants. There is a small clock-tower on the side of the building facing the Holy Trinity Square, while an enclosed balcony overlooks the Mátyás Church. Buda Old Town Hall

Úri Street

Uri Street House Once known as Mindszent Street, Úri Street runs between Kapisztrán and Disz Squares, on the western side of Castle Hill. Most of its houses date from the Middle Ages. Some of the buildings are Baroque style dwellings, built onto medieval foundations; a small proportion still retain their predominantly medieval appearance. Uri Street

Medieval Synagogue of Buda

 Buda Medieval Synagogue

The first Jewish families settled within the precincts of Buda Castle in the middle of the 13th century, during the reign of Béla IV; they occupied the area from the former Zsido (Jewish) Gate, to the Szent György Street – earlier known as Zsido Street. Medieval Synagogue of Buda 

Buda Castle – Dominican Friary ruins

 Buda Dominician Church ruins The Dominican friary of the Buda Castle was one of the most important centres of the order. Its church had served as a central place of worship of the Castle during the Middle Ages. There had been a Dominican Seminary in the friary, the educational standard of which was the same as that of the contemporary universities. Dominican Friary Buda Castle

Sándor Palace

Sandor palace, Presidential Office This Classicist style palace, built at the beginning of the 19th century, was almost totally demolished during World War II. Located on Castle Hill, near the top of the funicular railway (sikló), it was once the residence of the Prime Minister; renovated at the beginning of this decade, it now houses the Presidential Offices. Sándor Palace

Hungarian National Gallery

National Gallery Located in the former Royal Palace on Castle Hill since 1975, the Gallery provides a broad oversight of the history of Hungarian painting and sculpture. With approximately 100 thousand exhibits, the Gallery currently has the most complete fine arts collection in Hungary. Hungarian National Gallery

Király Baths

Kiraly Baths The Baths are one of Budapest’s most important Turkish monuments. Arszlán Pasha began its construction in the middle of the 16th century. The dome covered pool has been functioning continuously as a baths. Király Baths

Franciscan Friary and Church, Buda

 Buda Franciscan Church The present Franciscan church of Buda has medieval origins, though its original building was situated not on its current place but in a site of the Buda Castle. The present complex is a characteristic monument of the inner city of Budapest on the Buda side. Franciscan Church Buda

Országház Street

Orszaghaz Street in Buda Castle The street, which starts at the Holy Trinity Square (Szentháromság tér), already served as one of the main thoroughfares of the castle during the Middle Ages. Initially it was called “Italian Street” because of the number of Florentine craftsmen living there Orszaghaz Street

Császár Baths

Csaszar Komjadi Baths The Baths are a monument of Turkish origin. The use of the baths for medicinal treatment occurred from relatively early on; its mud-baths were already operating in the first-half of the 20th century. The waters are sourced from the wells of the Lukács Baths wells, and from the Magda-Spring on Margit Island. Császár Baths

Pauline Monastery and Rock Chapel

 Buda Rock Chapel

The church carved in rock in 1926 as imitation of the cave of Lourdes at the southern slope of Gellért Hill, and the Pauline monastery built in 1934 are important stages in the twentieth-century reorganisation movement of the order.  Rock Chapel

Hikisch House

Hikisch House Hikisch House, located on Batthyány Square, was built in the Zopf style at the end of the 18th century. The most attractive part of the building’s façade, in the form of the reliefs of four cherubs symbolising the four seasons, can be found on the upper part of the ground-floor. Hikisch House

Capuchin Church

 Capuchin Church

The church dates from the Middle Ages. During the Turkish occupation it was converted into a mosque. Portions of the onetime mosque, particularly portions of the door and window frames, can still be clearly seen in the south wall of the church. Capuchin Church

Lukács Baths

 Lukacs Baths

The orders of knights who settled here to treat the sick, used the medicinal springs as early as the Middle Ages, in medicinal baths which they built adjacent to their monasteries.Its medicinal waters are mainly effective in treating joint and muscle damage.  Lukács Baths

House of Future / The former Millenáris Park

House of Future Budapest Located in Marczibányi Square, the Millenáris Park was originally the site of the Ganz Electrical Works Factory. As part of the rehabilitation of this industrial area, a 3,5 hectare park was established, with a large exhibition hall. House of Future

Museum of Military History

Museum of Military History This Classicist style building houses an exhibition of Hungarian military history, dating from the Hungarian Conquest to the present day.Cannons, dating from different periods of history, can be seen on the ramparts in front of the Museum. Museum of Military History

Golden Eagle Pharmacy Museum

Golden Eagle Pharmacy Museum A pharmacy, known as the “Golden Eagle”, already functioned in this medieval building from the middle of the 18th century. The Museum, which was opened in 1974, displays items used in pharmacies during the late-medieval and Baroque periods. Golden Eagle Pharmacy Museum

Rudas Baths

 Rudas Baths, Budapest Baths at this site had been established during the Middle Ages, utilising the medicinal springs at the foot of the Gellért Hill. These were completely rebuilt during the Turkish occupation. The octagonal pool, built during Musztafa Szokoli Pasha’s rule, is one this country’s most beautiful monuments of Turkish origin. Rudas Baths

Church, Monastery, and Hospital of the Elizabeth Nuns

Church of Elisabeth Nuns  The church was originally built for the Franciscan Order, between 1731 and 1757, in the Baroque style. In 1785 the church and the monastery were given as a gift to the Healing Order of Nuns by Emperor Joseph II. Church of the Elizabeth Nuns

Erdődy Palace

Erdody palace This Baroque style palace was build in the middle of the 18th century. The most famous inhabitant of the palace was Beethoven, who lodged here during his concert tour in 1800.  Erdody Palace

Saint Anna Church

 St Anne church This church with its two towers, located on Batthyány Square, is one of the city’s most significant baroque historic monuments. Work on it was started in 1740, but it was only consecrated in 1805. Saint Anne Church

Former White-Cross Inn

 White Cross Inn This Rococo style, asymmetric building – the result of connecting two houses together – was given its present form in 1770. The central portion of the building once constituted the Inn’s banqueting hall. Former White Cross Inn

Red Hedgehoge House

Red Hedgehog house Located at No3 András Hess Square, the building gained its name from the Reg Hedgehog Inn which was located in it, and which, up to 1785, was the only such establishment within the castle – from 1760 it also served as Buda’s first theatre. Red Hedgehoge House

Franciscan Monastery – Úri Street

Franciscan monastery The onetime Franciscan Monastery was built in the first third of the 18th century; it was later converted into offices. Franciscan Monastery – Buda Castle

Hess András Square No4 Building

Hess Andras square The building, and the square, were named after an Italian printer from Rome. He was the first to print a book in Hungary, in 1473 – the Buda Chronicle (Chronica Hungarorum). Hess András Square No4 Building

Holy Trinity Column

  The Column, which stands in the middle of Holy Trinity Square, was sculpted by Fülöp Ungleich and Antal Hörger between 1710 and 1713, in the Baroque style. Holy Trinity Column

St. István Statue

St Stephen column in Budapest  The statue of St.István, sculpted by Alajos Strobl in 1906, can be found in front of the Fishermen’s Bastion.The relief works, on the white-marble pedestal of the statue, depict the more significant events from the reign of Hungary’s first king. St. István Statue

 

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