Buda Royal Palace
The history of the building of the former Royal Palace, on the southern end of Castle Hill, can be traced back to as early as the 13th century.
The construction of an impressively large, Gothic style Royal Palace was completed in 1424, during the reign of King Zsigmond ( Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund). Under the rule of King Mátyás I, the Palace was modified in the Renaissance style.
During the siege of 1686, when the Christian forces finally drove out the Turks from Buda, the Palace was extensively damaged.
The remains were razed to the ground, and, between 1714 and 1723, a new, smaller palace was built on the same site. Under Queen Mária Terézia work was begun in 1749 on a larger palace, containing 203 rooms.
The Palace was further enlarged from 1890, based on the design of Miklós Ybl; following his death Alajos Hauszmann took over this work, completing it in 1903.
During the bombardment of Budapest in 1945, the buildings were completely gutted by fire, but were fully restored during the 1950’s.
Currently the Palace houses the Hungarian National Gallery (Magyar Nemzeti Galéria), the Budapest History Museum (Budapesti Rörténeti Muzeum) and the Széchenyi National Library (Országos Széchenyi Könyvtár). The Palace grounds are often used to stage cultural programs and festivals.
Attraction: The Buda Royal Palace (Budavári palota)
Location: Buda, I. district
Transport: M2 Moszkva tér and várbusz (castle bus)
Address: Budapest, Budavári palota