Jewish Budapest

Jewish Budapest

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Dohány Street Synagogue

The synagogue in Dohány Street is the largest one still functioning in Continental Europe. The use of two towers with onion-shaped domes, as an architectural feature in synagogues, was employed here for the first time in Hungary; it subsequently had a major influence on the evolution of synagogue architecture in the country regions. Dohány Street Synagogue

 

Jewish Museum

The Jewish Museum is located in Dohány Street, in the building next to the synagogue.

The house which originally stood on this site has historic associations – Tivadar Herzl, the founder of Zionism, was born here and lived here for the first 18 years of his life. A commemorative plaque marks its former location. The museum, erected in 1932, was designed by László Vágó; it houses the Jewish Religious and Historic Collection. Jewish Museum

Rumbach Street Synagogue

The “status-quo” synagogue in Rumbach Street was built in 1872, to the design of the Viennese architect, Otto Wagner; it is the only building in Hungary to be designed by him. Built in the Romantic style, the synagogue evidences a strong eastern influence; its two towers remind one of the minarets so characteristic of Islamic architecture. Rumbach Street Synagogue

Kazinczy Street Synagogue

The city’s Orthodox Jewish congregation decided to build its own independent synagogue in 1909. Based on the designs of Sándor and Béla Löffler, the Secessionist style synagogue was completed in 1913. The façade of the synagogue which fronts onto Kazinczy Street is considered to be one of the outstanding works of Hungarian Late-Secessionist architecture. Kazinczy Street Synagogue

 

Medieval Synagogue of Buda

The first Jewish families settled within the precincts of Buda Castle in the middle of the 13th century, during the reign of Béla IV; they occupied the area from the former Zsido (Jewish) Gate, to the Szent György Street – earlier known as Zsido Street.  Medieval Synagogue of Buda

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Synagogue of Kőbánya

Of the outer-suburban synagogues, the one in Cserkesz Street, Kőbánya, deserves special mention.

Based on the design of Richárd Schöntheil, the synagogue was ceremonially opened in 1911. The synagogue has an octagonal inner structure, with a central focus; its eastern façade is decorated with miniature turrets. Synagogue of Kőbánya

Synagogue of Óbuda

The synagogue located in Lajos Street, Óbuda, was built in 1821, in a Classicist style, based on the design of András Landherr. The synagogue currently functions as a television studio. Synagogue of Óbuda

Synagogue of Újpest

The Romantic style Synagogue, in Bezeviczky Street, Újpest, was erected in 1886. It features a three-part main façade, with small side-turrets at the corners. A typical example of Hungary’s synagogue-architecture, it has authentically preserved the architectural forms of that period. Synagogue of Újpest

School for Rabbis

The National Rabbi and Teacher Training Institution, established in 1877, can be found on the corner of Guttenberg Square. Built in the Eclectic style, it was based on the designs of Ferenc Kolbenheyer and Vilmos Freund. School for Rabbis

Jewish Budapest Sightseeing Tour